Spondylolisthesis is a condition of the spine whereby one of the vertebra slips forward or backward compared to the next vertebra. Forward slippage of an upper vertebra on a lower vertebra is referred to as anterolisthesis, while backward slippage is referred to as retrolisthesis.

Spinal stenosis

Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the space in the spine which in turn causes pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves. This pressure compressing the nerve roots causes leg and back pain especially with activities.  Typically described as leg pain with standing and walking, that is relieved with sitting or bending forward.

Spinal fractures

Caused by traumatic injury, osteoporosis and bone-weakening diseases, fractures may or may not include injury to the spinal column. After assessment, diagnosis, and stabilization, surgery can be performed to repair spinal vertabrae, relieve pressure on the spinal cord, and restore movement. Surgical screws, rods and small bone-repairing cages may be used to stabilize the spine.

Spinal deformities

Curvatures, rounding, arthritis, degeneration of discs, osteoporosis, traumatic injury, neuromuscular disorders, and birth defects are some of the causes of spinal deformities. Physical therapy, medication and bracing can control pain. Surgery is required to correct deformities, repair fractures, and straighten vertebrae for the reduction of pain and restoration of movement.

Spinal cord stimulators

This pain management technology avoids the ingestion of large amounts of oral medication to address chronic pain. The SCS system works to interrupt pain impulses before they reach the brain to help patients manage their pain. Some patients say SCS feels like a gentle fluttering sensation that replaces the pain. The term some would choose is “relief”.


Scoliosis occurs most often during growth spurts and notably just before puberty. Usually cases are mild with few symptoms but on some rare occasions children may develop spine deformities that can get more severe as they grow.
Oftentimes treatment is unnecessary but occasionally a brace or surgery may be required.

Robotic surgery

The most advanced surgical guidance system available today. Increases accuracy of surgery in tight spaces of the spine, especially with complex spinal deformities and severe scoliosis. Computerized systems either mimic surgeons hand movements for extremely precise surgery, or digitally guide the surgeon to the desired surgical site. Reduces blood loss and shortens operative time.

Posterior cervical fusions

Used to straighten and/or stabilize the top of the spine in cases of spinal deformity, and to repair fractures or dislocation. Motion between the vertebrae is stopped by fusing the bones together, causing them to grow into one bone. A bone graft from the patient or a bone bank is used.


Neck pain

Neck pain can be caused by a number of factors. Sudden trauma, muscle strains, which can be caused by poor posture as well as the possibility of suffering from osteoarthritis or other degenerative diseases. If your pain is accompanied by numbness or loss of strength in your arms or hands or if you have shooting pain into your shoulder or down your arms seek medical care.

Minimally invasive procedures

Surgical advances that allow surgeons to operate through small incisions rather than long ones. The surgeon uses small instruments, an operating microscope, and is guided by real time x-rays displayed on a screen. This approach results in less bleeding, less trauma to the muscles and ligaments of the spine, reduced pain and shorter hospital stays.

Lumbar radiculopathy

Lumbar radiculopathy is often secondary to compression or inflammation of a spinal nerve. When the pain radiates down the back of the leg to the calf or foot, it would in lay terms be described as sciatica. This type of pain is often deep and steady, and can usually be reproduced with certain activities and positions,